Golf Terminology

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Terminology

In golf there are many terms used to describe the number of strokes a player takes to sink a ball. Being familiar with this terminology will aid you in being better prepared in understanding the game of golf.

1. Birdie: Describes the situation in which a player sinks a ball one shot below par (for example, sinking a ball in three shots on a par four hole).

2. Hole In One: This term describes the situation in which a player sinks a ball with one shot.

3. Bogie: Describes the situation in which a player sinks a ball one shot above par (for example, if you sink a ball in four shots on a par three hole).

4. Eagle: Sinking a ball two shots under par (meaning you sink a ball in two shots on a par four hole).

The following terminology is commonly used during play. Understanding these terms will aid in the further understanding of many of the terms used throughout this manual, and will ultimately aid in increasing your enjoyment and satisfaction in the game of golf.

5. Ball In Play: Refers to the period of time between your first stroke and the sinking of the ball.

6. Bunker: A section of the course known as a hazard. A bunker is hollow and filled with sand.

7. Draw Shot: A shot that curves due to side spin. A draw shot will curve form right to left for a left handed player or from left to right for a right handed player.

8. Flagstick: A stick with a flag on the end used to indicate the position of the hole (the desired destination).

9. Hazard: Sand traps, bunkers, or water specifically designed and placed on the course to cause difficulty during play.

10. Hook: A shot that has the opposite effect to a draw. Due to side spin a hook will cause the ball to curve from right to left for a right handed player or from left to right for a left handed player.

11. Lead hand: The lead hand is the hand that holds the butt of the club grip and is located on the side which will be facing the intended destination of the ball. For those that are right handed, the lead hand is generally the left. The opposite is true for those who are left handed.

12. Line of flight: Intended path (usually a straight line) between the ball and the intended destination.

13. Loft: Refers to the elevation of the ball into the air. Loft may also refer to the angle between the face and a line parallel to the shaft of the club.

14. Loose Impediments: Objects that are not growing or fixed, and may be removed under certain circumstances.

15. Putting Green: The final area of play. This area is situated around the hole and has been specially designed for putting.

16. Slice: A shot that curves strongly due to sidespin. The ball generally ends up in the opposite direction to which it was hit. A slice curves strongly from left to right for a right handed player or from right to left for a left handed player.

17. Teeing Green: Initial Area of play in which players tee off from.

18. Tee-markers: Markers indicating where players should initially tee off from.

19. Trailing hand: The trailing hand is the hand that holds the lower end of the grip and is located on the side that is not facing the intended destination of the ball. For those who are right handed, the trailing hand is generally the right hand. The opposite is true for those who are left handed. Due to the nature of the trailing hand, this is generally the hand that lends power to the swing.

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